Category: kblnnfkx

CIEL Textile Limited (FKL.mu) HY2015 Interim Report

first_imgCIEL Textile Limited (FKL.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Investment sector has released it’s 2015 interim results for the half year.For more information about CIEL Textile Limited (FKL.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the CIEL Textile Limited (FKL.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: CIEL Textile Limited (FKL.mu)  2015 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileCIEL Textile Limited is engaged in the manufacturing and sale of knitted garments locally and internationally. The countries in which the company sells these products include Mauritius, Madagascar, Asia, and South Africa. Within the company’s production line, there are fabrics, jersey-wear garments, t-shirts and polo shirts, sweatshirts, joggers, and knitwear. CIEL Textile Limited operates the sale of its products through the company’s subsidiaries such as Harris Wilson, Blu River, Aquarelle Shirt, and Floreal Boutique. The company is a subsidiary of CIEL Group and is based in Ebène, Mauritius. CIEL Textile Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.last_img read more

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Louise Richards joins Computer Aid international as CEO

first_imgTony Roberts said: “After nearly ten years, we are now the world’s largest supplier of PCs to the developing world, we ship to 106 countries and have just sent our 100,000th PC to Ethiopia. Louise Richards has been an active supporter of Computer Aid from the very beginning so she knows our work well, and her knowledge and contacts within the industry will be invaluable as we take Computer Aid International to the next level.” Former War on Want chief executive, Louise Richards, has been appointed Chief Executive at Computer Aid International, the not-for-profit supplier of professionally refurbished PCs to the developing world.Richards replaces Tony Roberts, Computer Aid’s founder who has moved into the newly created role of director of international development. This new role will allow Tony to focus on developing Computer Aid’s projects on the ground in developing countries.Before her five years as CEO at international development charity War on Want, Richards spent 20 years at public sector trade union UNISON where she held the position of head of international relations. Advertisement Louise Richards joins Computer Aid international as CEO  34 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 5 December 2007 | Newscenter_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Tagged with: Recruitment / peoplelast_img read more

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Thumbs Down on Undercover Farm Videos

first_img“Most of what is shown in the video are normally accepted production practices and there was nothing that could be considered abusive. It was noted that employees appeared to be competent and well-trained and that the barn floors and the pigs themselves were clean. The Center for Food Integrity (CFI) has created an Animal Care Review Panel.  The Panel, made up of recognized animal well-being experts, will examine video footage and report back to the public. The process has been established initially for the pork industry, but CFI is willing to engage with other sectors of animal agriculture as they show interest. The Panel will include an animal scientist, a veterinarian, and an ethicist to assure various perspectives are represented. To date the experts include, Dr. Temple Grandin of Colorado State University, Dr. Candace Croney of Purdue University, and Dr. Tom Burkgren of the American Association of Swine Veterinarians.  All are professionals in their fields and not tied to agribusiness interests. According to the news release, “The Animal Care Review Panel operates independently. Its reviews, assessments, recommendations and reports will not be submitted to the pork industry for review or approval. CFI’s only role is to facilitate the review process and release the panel’s findings. The opinions expressed in the review are solely those of the expert panel.” By Gary Truitt – Feb 26, 2012 In one scene, an employee is shown castrating and docking the tail of a piglet in close proximity to the mother. The video contends the sow is grunting in distress. One of the experts said that while it is likely that the sow experiences some distress in such a situation, both the sow and her piglets would probably experience similar or greater levels of stress if the piglet was transported elsewhere. Home Commentary Thumbs Down on Undercover Farm Videos The first video to be reviewed by the experts is one purportedly taken on an Iowa hog farm. Released recently by a group called Compassion Over Killing, it is supposed to show animal abuse and cruelty. The slickly produced piece was released with accusations about modern pork production. But even to a layman’s eyes this video is suspect, and the experts concur that this video is far from what it is suppose to be. These videos get released on the internet. CFI needs to find a way to get its reviews of these videos on-line quickly and get them to show up on Google and YouTube next to the clip in question.  With a timely and effective response, agriculture can turn these undercover videos to its advantage. Facebook Twitter In most cases, these videos will get a thumbs-down; but, in the case where the experts signal a thumbs-up and suggest the practices in the film are not good animal care, the industry must also respond quickly and publicly to discredit the practice and pressure the operation to change. A sow shown walking awkwardly because its hooves had not been properly trimmed was also discussed. The experts noted the hooves should have been trimmed but they would have preferred seeing more than just a few seconds of the sow in question so it could be determined if there was a lameness issue.” There was a short glimpse in the video of what appeared to be a herniated piglet and it was implied it was caused by incorrect castration. One expert noted the assertion is not correct – that the condition was likely related to genetics. Facebook Twitter Another point of concern is a portion of the video addressing the practice of “back feeding” – a process in which organs of piglets that have died are fed to the sows to boost their immune systems. The experts noted that it is unclear if this practice involves sows or pigs and its exact purpose. It is a normally accepted production practice used to stimulate the immune systems of pregnant sows late in gestation. This results in more effective and improved passive immunity that is passed from the mother to her offspring through the colostrum. A scene showing several flies in a farrowing room was a point of concern and something the experts felt should be corrected. Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel, film critics for the Chicago Sun Times and Chicago Tribune, created a television show on Chicago public television called At The Movies. The program featured the two critics reviewing the latest movies and showed film clips. They would rate each film by giving them a thumbs-up or a thumbs-down.  The show was very popular, was later syndicated nationally, and has since been copied by other critics. With undercover farm videos showing up in greater numbers on the internet, a program has been developed to rate the credibility and authenticity of these videos which is a service badly needed to help consumers determine if what they are seeing is accurate or fake. One of the reasons these videos have become a favorite tool of animal activists is that production agriculture has been slow to respond. Farmers decry them as being inaccurate, but have been slow to open the barn doors and let consumers look inside. Only in the past few years have there been efforts to show consumers what livestock production looks like. Consumers have tended to believe what they see because they have nothing to compare it to and have no perspective from which to judge the videos. The new CFI panel will help provide that perspective and provide an alternative interpretation of the images. Thumbs Down on Undercover Farm Videos After reviewing the piece the CFI panel came to the following conclusions: An employee is seen using tape on a piglet’s incisions following castration. One of the experts noted such a practice is considered more welfare friendly than stitches because it is less intrusive and requires less handling of the pig. by Gary Truitt SHARE SHARE Previous articleOil Tops 109 on Supply Fears and Gains 6% on WeekNext articleMore Corn Expected This Year Gary Truittlast_img read more

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Further UK beef results expected tomorrow, as EU tackles crisis

WhatsApp Twitter Facebook HSE warns of ‘widespread cancellations’ of appointments next week Dail to vote later on extending emergency Covid powers Pinterest Google+ WhatsApp Dail hears questions over design, funding and operation of Mica redress scheme RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Further results of tests on beef in the UK are expected in the coming days.The Food Safety Authority (FSA) there has been carrying out tests on samples and the results are expected tomorrow.It comes as the European Commission announced it is introducing random DNA testing on processed meats.The Commission will contribute half of the estimated €3 million of costs.The European Law enforcement agency Europol is to coordinate a criminal investigation into the horse meat scandal across several countries.The moves form part of a series of recommendations put forward after Agriculture ministers from 8 of the EU countries implicated in the scandal met in Brussels yesterday.Farmers have welcomed the proposals and IFA President John Bryan says tighter controls and inspections are needed as well more detailed food labeling.”Retail regulation that would mean 100% accurate labeling and traceability – where every product would have country of origin, country rared, country slaughtered” he said.”And if a secondary processor decided to have products from other countries, that each one of those countries would have to be listed on the package”.”But the level of enforcement on labeling hasn’t been adequate” he added.Fallout continuesA German supermarket chain claims traces of horsemeat have now been found in their lasagne.Meanwhile a poll carried out in the UK which surveyed almost 2,000 people over the last 2 days shows almost 1-in-5 people – or 19% – had changed their buying habits on the back of the horse meat scandal.58% said they had stopped buying processed meat altogether.When asked who they believed was most at fault almost half – 49% – said meat processors were to blame.Pat O’Keefe is Deputy Editor of the Irish Farmers Journal.He says the Commission tests are not just about determining the levels of horse DNA in beef. Speaking in Brussels last night, Agriculture Minister Simon Coveney said regulations with protecting consumers rests with individual member states. Previous articleAmerican, US Airways boards approve merger: sourceNext articleLetterkenny shoppers can’t spend a penny admin Twitter Further UK beef results expected tomorrow, as EU tackles crisis PSNI and Gardai urged to investigate Adams’ claims he sheltered on-the-run suspect in Donegal Pinterest Google+ By admin – February 14, 2013 Man arrested in Derry on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences released News Facebook Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry read more

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Rain in the forecast for parts of the water-logged South

first_imgiStock(JACKSON, Miss.) — Much of the nation is seeing a rather quiet Sunday, however, a new storm is set to track across the country, and another blast of cold air is lurking right behind it.The previous blast of cold air that hit the Midwest and Northeast late last week was the coldest the regions saw so far this winter.The Northeast this morning is seeing temperatures about 10 to 15 degrees above where they were yesterday morning as the region quickly turns mild for a couple of days.A storm is moving through the northern Rockies this morning and there is some snow falling from Oregon to Montana and into parts of Wyoming and Colorado.The heaviest snows are expected in the Colorado Rocky Mountains where locally 12 to 20 inches of snow will be possible along with gusty winds 35-50 mph. There will likely be significant travel impacts in the mountain passes west of Denver and Cheyenne.Late on Monday, part of this system will emerge in the Midwest with some snow developing from Iowa to Wisconsin and some rain from Chicago to Saint Louis.Then on Tuesday, as the system matures and organizes, it will move off to the East Coast with some snow heading into parts of the interior northeast and a line of heavy rain showers from Ohio Valley to the Southern U.S.The result of this is widespread snow totals in the Pacific Northwest and Colorado Rockies of 6 to 12 inches with locally over one foot in the highest elevations — especially in the Rockies of northern Colorado.A swath of three to six inches of snow will be likely from Iowa to Michigan and parts of the far interior northeast. Locally 6 to 12 inches of snow is possible in the higher elevations form New York to Maine through Wednesday.And locally two to three inches of rain is possible in the Southern U.S., especially in parts of Alabama and Georgia.The current forecast puts locally one to two inches of rain in much of Mississippi. Parts of Jackson, Mississippi will also continue to deal with river flooding.The Pearl River is still rising this morning and is entering major flood stage and the river has not been this high since 1983. The river will crest today and will likely remain in major flood stage through Tuesday.The Mississippi Governor also declared a state of emergency on Saturday due to river flooding.Jackson is just one area of the southern U.S. that has seen well above average rainfall so far in 2020, with the city running more than a foot above their year to date average.Birmingham, Alabama, has received nearly 10 inches above its average year to date rainfall. Atlanta is also a location where they have received more than double the average rainfall year to date.It remains somewhat concerning that more rounds of heavy rain are in the forecast for this region.Behind this system, the door will open for a fairly strong high pressure from Canada that will usher in quite a bit of cold air to the Midwest, first on Thursday and then the northeast on Friday.Another round of very cold wind chills well below zero is possible across Minnesota and the Dakotas. It looks like another round of single digits and below zero wind chills are ahead for northeast at the end of the week. Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

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Prep Sports Roundup: 1/30

first_img Brad James Written by January 30, 2020 /Sports News – Local Prep Sports Roundup: 1/30 Tags: Roundup FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailBoys BasketballNon-RegionCUMBERLAND, Md.-Richard Isaacs Jr. posted 26 points and 6 assists as the Wasatch Academy Tigers smacked the Rock Creek Christian Academy Eagles 89-66 Thursday at the Bob Kirk Invitational.Girls BasketballRegion 14DELTA, Utah-Jadee Duston stepped up with 15 points and the Delta Rabbits pummeled North Sanpete 49-22 in Region 14 girls basketball action Thursday at the Palladium. Sarah Oldroyd had 9 points for the Hawks in defeat.NEPHI, Utah-Valerie Clark’s 6 points led the way as the Juab Wasps edged Union 18-17 in Region 14 girls basketball action Thursday. Sammy Taylor led the Cougars in defeat with 6 points.Region 16MONTICELLO, Utah-Kamree Brunson netted 15 points and the North Sevier Wolves bested Monticello 41-29 in Region 16 girls basketball action Thursday. Brooklyn Holt led the Buckaroos with 11 points in the loss.Region 18ENTERPRISE, Utah-Allie Hunt’s 12 points paced Enterprise as the Wolves got past Millard 56-51 Thursday in Region 18 girls basketball action. Rylee Miller had 13 points in the loss for the Eagles.KANAB, Utah-Grayce Glover’s 15 points led the way as Kanab routed Parowan 58-28 in Region 18 girls basketball action Thursday. Madison Mathews led the Rams in the loss with 11 points.Region 20ORDERVILLE, Utah-Paige Harris netted 22 points and the Valley Buffaloes surged past Piute 48-35 Thursday in Region 20 girls basketball action. Kassidy Westwood led the Thunderbirds in the loss with 11 points.PANGUITCH, Utah-Kiesa Miller led the way with 11 points and the Panguitch Bobcats bested Bryce Valley 33-28 in Region 20 girls basketball action Thursday. Brooklyn Syrett and Maycee Brinkerhoff had 10 points apiece in the loss for the Mustangs.ESCALANTE, Utah-Preslee Barnson netted 12 points and the Milford Tigers decimated Escalante 66-23 Thursday in Region 20 girls basketball action. Kenzie Lyman had 9 points for the Moquis in the loss.BICKNELL, Utah-Allee VanDyke stepped up with 15 points and the Wayne Badgers stonewalled Water Canyon 61-47 in Region 20 girls basketball action Thursday. Tori Thompson netted 17 points for the Wildcats in defeat.Non-RegionSANDY, Utah-Jaimeson Meyer posted 19 points and 7 rebounds but it wasn’t enough as the Gunnison Valley Bulldogs smacked Meyer’s Waterford Ravens 53-39 Thursday in non-region girls basketball action.last_img read more

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Pembina to buy stake in KML and US section of Cochin Pipeline for £2.7bn

first_imgCanadian corporation Pembina will buy a 70% stake in Kinder Morgan Canada for £9.31 per share, along with the US portion of the Cochin Pipeline System for £1.27bn Pembina to acquire the US section of the Cochin Pipeline from Kinder Morgan (Credit: Pixabay) Pembina Pipeline has signed agreements to acquire 70% stake in Kinder Morgan Canada (KML) and the US portion of the 2,900km-long Cochin Pipeline System from US-based Kinder Morgan (KMI) for around 4.35bn Canadian dollars (£2.7bn).Pembina to acquire 70% stake in Kinder Morgan CanadaThe 70% stake in Kinder Morgan Canada will be bought for C$15.02 (£9.31) per share, valuing the company at around C$2.3bn (£1.43bn). The company currently manages midstream assets in Western Canada.Through the deal, Pembina will gain access to the Edmonton storage and terminal business and the Vancouver Wharves Terminal within the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority.In Edmonton, the Canadian pipeline company is set to gain ownership of a crude oil storage terminalling business with a total of 10 million barrels of storage capacity. The assets are located in the core of the Edmonton area crude oil complex.Vancouver Wharves, which is also part of the deal, is a commodity export and import terminal in the Port of Vancouver. The bulk marine terminal facility transfers more than four million tonnes of bulk cargo annually.Kinder Morgan CEO Steve Kean said: “This is an attractive transaction for KMI and KML stockholders.“It enables KMI to reduce leverage and gives us the flexibility to create additional value for shareholders through share buybacks, project investments, or both.”Pembina to acquire the US part of the Cochin Pipeline SystemIn the second deal, Pembina will be acquiring the US section of the Cochin Pipeline System for nearly C$2.05bn (£1.27bn).The Cochin Pipeline System is a cross-border condensate import pipeline laid between Chicago in the US and Fort Saskatchewan in the Canadian province of Alberta. The pipeline system has a capacity of up to 110,000 barrels per day.According to the Canadian pipeline company, the condensate import pipeline is highly strategic as it connects the company’s assets in Channahon, Bakken and Edmonton areas apart from being connected to the Mont Belvieu, Conway and Edmonton markets.The two transactions, which will be subject to customary closing conditions such as Kinder Morgan Canada’s shareholders’ approval and regulatory approvals, are likely to be closed in the fourth quarter of this year or in the first quarter of 2020.Pembina president and CEO Mick Dilger said: “This acquisition is highly strategic for Pembina, providing enhanced integration with our existing franchise, entrance into exciting new businesses and clear visibility to creating long-term value for our shareholders.”last_img read more

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Vaalco announces completion of South East Etame 4h well

first_img Vaalco has completed South East Etame 4h well. (Credit: C Morrison from Pixabay) VAALCO Energy provided an update on the successful completion of its 2019/2020 drilling program as well as an operational update.HighlightsSuccessfully completed the South East Etame 4H development well including approximately 750 feet of horizontal section in the Gamba reservoir;Brought the South East Etame 4H well onto production on March 21, 2020 at an initial flow rate of approximately 2,200 gross barrels of oil per day (“BOPD”), 600 BOPD net revenue interest (“NRI”) to VAALCO;Commenced workover of the South East Etame 2H well to replace the electric submersible pumps (“ESPs”) and expects to restore production around the end of March; andTo date, operations have not been materially disrupted by current worldwide COVID-19 crisis.Cary Bounds, Chief Executive Officer, commented, “We are proud of the highly successful 2019/2020 drilling campaign in which we have drilled and brought online three development wells and drilled two successful appraisal wellbores that confirmed additional resources to exploit from this quality asset.  The drilling campaign has been transformational for VAALCO and has added meaningful production and cash flow with minimal increase in operating costs.  This has helped to improve our margins and drive our operational breakeven down to $31 per barrel of realized pricing.  Following the completion of the South East Etame 4H well, we began the planned workover on the South East Etame 2H well to replace ESPs.  We expect to bring the South East Etame 2H well back online around the end of March, which should restore production of approximately 2,400 gross BOPD.”“Our lowered operational breakeven, strong hedge position and increased production has enabled us to establish a solid financial footing which puts us in a stronger position to navigate the current low price oil environment.  With that said, the global pandemic and energy industry events that began in late February of 2020 have been unprecedented and caused significant uncertainty across the oil sector with regards to outlook and budgets.  The world is battling COVID-19 which has disrupted our everyday lives and negatively impacted the worldwide economy.  As of right now, VAALCO’s operations have not been disrupted, and we have managed through the logistical challenges that we have faced since the outbreak.  VAALCO has contingency plans in place in the event that we are directly impacted, and we continue to put the safety of our workers and local stakeholders first.  We remain committed to generating long-term value for our shareholders by focusing on capital efficiency, controlling costs and optimizing production.”With the drilling of the South East Etame 4H well, VAALCO has completed its 2019/2020 drilling campaign.  As previously announced, with the drilling of the South East Etame 4P appraisal wellbore, VAALCO has also satisfied the drilling commitment as part of the PSC extension that VAALCO signed in late 2018.After installing production equipment, the South East Etame 4H well was brought online at an initial rate of approximately 2,200 gross BOPD, (600 BOPD NRI to VAALCO), with no H2S which is at the high end of the February 2020 pre-drill initial production rate of 1,200 to 2,500 gross BOPD (325 to 675 BOPD NRI to VAALCO).  The well was drilled and completed as planned, with no safety or environmental incidents.As previously announced, on March 7, 2020, the South East Etame 2H well stopped producing due to an ESP failure.  The drilling rig on the South East Etame North Tchibala (“SEENT”) platform was already scheduled to replace the ESP on that well in a preemptive workover upon completion of the South East Etame 4H well.  The workover on the South East Etame 2H well is currently underway and the well is expected to be returned to production around the end of March.  The well was producing 2,400 gross BOPD, or 650 BOPD NRI to VAALCO, when the ESP failed.  VAALCO will not perform any additional workovers with the contracted drilling rig and the rig will be released after completion of operations on the South East Etame 2H well. Source: Company Press Release With the drilling of the South East Etame 4H well, VAALCO has completed its 2019/2020 drilling campaignlast_img read more

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Leftover Salmon’s Boogie At The Broadmoor Announces Extensive Lineup Additions

first_imgFollowing four great years of music at the iconic Stanley Hotel, Leftover Salmon recently announced their inaugural Boogie At The Broadmoor event, set to take place on Friday, March 22nd through Sunday, March 24th at Colorado Springs, CO’s Broadmoor Resort.Today, Leftover Salmon’s Boogie At The Broadmoor added Sam Bush, Bluegrass Generals ft. Chris Pandolfi, Andy Hall, Sam Bush, Dave Bruzza, and Greg Garrison, Zach Deputy, The Sweet Lillies, Tenth Mountain Division, DeadPhish Orchestra, Erik Deutsch’s Falling Flowers, Woodshed Red, and special guest Sally Van Meter to their already extensive lineup.Host band Leftover Salmon will also be joined by previously announced artists including Lukas Nelson & Promise of the Real, Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Southern Avenue, and Pixie and the Partygrass Boys. Special guests The High Country Horns featuring Skerik, Natalie Cressman, and Jennifer Hartswick will join LoS throughout the weekend’s festivities.Leftover Salmon’s Boogie At The Broadmoor will include three days and nights of live music, dancing, dining, nestled against the backdrop of the Cheyenne Foothills just 75 miles south of Denver. The Broadmoor Resort welcomes guests to a legendary Forbes Five-Star and AAA Five-Diamond resort with impeccable service and distinctive amenities, and there are endless opportunities to explore the picturesque mountains, streams, and canyons that have inspired generations. Whether you are interested in zip lining adventures and horseback riding, Colorado fly-fishing, or an indulgent day at the spa, there is a plethora of activities for every age in every season, including a state of the art movie theater, bowling alley, and so much more!To purchase tickets and room packages for Boogie At The Broadmoor, head to the event page here.For more information on Leftover Salmon’s upcoming tour dates and ticketing, head to the band’s website.last_img read more

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Milky Way had blowout bash 6 million years ago

first_img CfA researcher says finding shows ‘delicate piece of galactic skeleton’ The center of the Milky Way galaxy is currently a quiet place where a supermassive black hole slumbers, only occasionally slurping small sips of hydrogen gas. But it wasn’t always this way. A new study shows that 6 million years ago, when the first human ancestors known as hominins walked the Earth, our galaxy’s core blazed forth furiously. The evidence for this active phase came from a search for the galaxy’s missing mass.Measurements show that the Milky Way galaxy weighs about 1 trillion-2 trillion times as much as our sun. About five-sixths of that is in the form of invisible and mysterious dark matter. The remaining sixth of our galaxy’s heft, or 150 billion-300 billion solar masses, is normal matter. However, if you count up all the stars, gas, and dust we can see, you only find about 65 billion solar masses. The rest of the normal matter — stuff made of neutrons, protons, and electrons — seems to be missing.“We played a cosmic game of hide-and-seek. And we asked ourselves, where could the missing mass be hiding?” says lead author Fabrizio Nicastro, a research associate at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) and astrophysicist at the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics (INAF).“We analyzed archival X-ray observations from the XMM-Newton spacecraft and found that the missing mass is in the form of a million-degree gaseous fog permeating our galaxy. That fog absorbs X-rays from more distant background sources,” Nicastro continues.The astronomers used the amount of absorption to calculate how much normal matter was there, and how it was distributed. They applied computer models but learned that they couldn’t match the observations with a smooth, uniform distribution of gas. Instead, they found that there is a “bubble” in the center of our galaxy that extends two-thirds of the way to Earth. First ‘bone’ of the Milky Way identified Related Clearing out that bubble required a tremendous amount of energy. That energy, the authors surmise, came from the feeding black hole. While some infalling gas was swallowed by the black hole, other gas was pumped out at speeds of 2 million miles per hour (1,000 km/sec).Six million years later, the shock wave created by that phase of activity has crossed 20,000 light-years of space. Meanwhile, the black hole has run out of nearby food and gone into hibernation.This timeline is corroborated by the presence of 6-million-year-old stars near the galactic center. Those stars formed from some of the same material that once flowed toward the black hole.“The different lines of evidence all tie together very well,” says co-author Martin Elvis of the CfA. “This active phase lasted for 4 [million] to 8 million years, which is reasonable for a quasar.”The observations and associated computer models also show that the hot, million-degree gas can account for up to 130 billion solar masses of material. Thus, it just might explain where all of the galaxy’s missing matter was hiding: It was too hot to be seen.More answers may come from the proposed next-generation space mission known as X-ray Surveyor. It would be able to map out the bubble by observing fainter sources, and see finer detail to tease out more information about the elusive missing mass. The European Space Agency’s Athena X-ray observatory, planned for launch in 2028, offers similar promise.These results have been accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal and are available online.last_img read more

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