African Distillers Limited (AFDS.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Beverages sector has released it’s 2014 abridged results.For more information about African Distillers Limited (AFDS.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the African Distillers Limited (AFDS.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: African Distillers Limited (AFDS.zw) 2014 abridged results.Company ProfileAfrican Distillers Limited manufactures, distributes and markets branded spirits, ciders and wines for the Zimbabwe market and for export. The founding company was established in 1944 and its activities originally centered around the sale and distribution of imported spirits, liqueurs and wines. Local production of a range of spirits commenced in 1946 and African Distillers Limited became a public-quoted company in 1951. African Distillers offers its customers a first-class distribution service, with six depots located in strategic economic hubs in Zimbabwe (Bulawayo, Harare, Kwekwe, Masvingo, Mutare and Victoria Falls). Its headquarters, manufacturing plant, warehouse and distribution facilities are in Stapleford, an industrial area on the outskirts of Harare. African Distillers is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. O Canada: Canada is an increasingly popular vacation destination, thanks to its close location and favorable currency exchange rates that make trips there affordable and accessible to more Americans. Canada will also celebrate its 150th birthday in 2017, offering visitors many opportunities to experience special events and learn more about the country’s history and traditions.The “I”s Have It: AAA notes a significant amount of demand for travelers visiting Europe in 2017. Ireland and Iceland are expected to be particularly popular, thanks to the availability of low airfares and the perception that both countries are safe—yet for many travelers, previously unexplored—destinations.River Cruising: According to a AAA survey, four in 10 Americans would consider a river cruise for an upcoming vacation and 24 percent said they are likely to take a river cruise in the next five years. And despite the perception that river cruising appeals primarily to older generations, millennials are more likely to consider a river cruise for an upcoming vacation than either their Generation X or Baby Boomer counterparts.National Parks: The National Park Service celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2016, to great fanfare. Following all-time record visitation in 2015, the national parks remain an attractive vacation destination for many. According to a recent AAA survey, 79 percent of Americans say they are as likely or more likely to visit a national park through the first half of this year, building on the momentum of last year’s centennial celebrations.“Floridians setting out on a road trip will find higher gas prices than last year,” said Mark Jenkins, spokesman, AAA – The Auto Club Group. “Oil prices are forecast to hover around current levels this year, which means the national average for regular unleaded should range from $2.25-$2.75, based on swings in supply and demand.”Anaheim is #3 among travelers in the United States…Before setting out on a vacation, travelers should contact their local AAA office for the expert advice of a trusted travel advisor who can provide personalized service and first-hand destination knowledge to create a memorable vacation experience. Travelers can also download the free AAA Mobile app for iPhone, iPad and Android. The app can be used to map a route, find the lowest gas prices, access exclusive member discounts, find more than 58,000 AAA Approved and Diamond Rated hotels and restaurants, request roadside assistance and more. For more information or to begin planning a trip, visit AAA.com/Travel.About the SurveyThe AAA Consumer Pulse™ Survey was conducted online among residents living in Florida from September 28, 2016 – October 6, 2016. A total of 400 residents completed the survey. Survey results have margin of error of ± 4.9 percentage points. Responses are weighted by gender and age to ensure reliable and accurate representation of the adult population (18+) in Florida.About The Auto Club GroupThe Auto Club Group (ACG) is the second largest AAA club in North America. ACG and its affiliates provide membership, travel, insurance and financial services offerings to over 9 million members across eleven states and two U.S. territories including Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Michigan, Nebraska, North Dakota, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands; most of Illinois and Minnesota; and a portion of Indiana. ACG belongs to the national AAA federation with more than 56 million members in the United States and Canada and whose mission includes protecting and advancing freedom of mobility and improving traffic safety. *Numbers in parentheses indicate 2016 rankings Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Please enter your name here International: Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 TAGSAAAtravel Previous articleApopka police charge man with intent to distribute marijuana near schoolNext articleState Rep. Jennifer Sullivan Schedules Apopka Office Hours Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Punta Cana, Dominican Republic (2)Rome, Italy (1)Montego Bay, Jamaica (3)London, England (4)Nassau, Bahamas (6) UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 The top destinations for 2017, based on AAA travel bookings nationwide: Domestic:Orlando, Florida (1)Fort Lauderdale, Florida (2)Anaheim, California (3)Miami, Florida (4)Las Vegas, Nevada (6) Please enter your comment! What’s in store for the millions of Americans planning vacations?From AAAAll signs are pointing to a busy year for vacationers and the travel industry. According to a recent AAA Consumer Pulse™ survey, 75 percent of Floridians are planning to take a vacation in 2017 – with most planning trips to warm weather destinations in the U.S. and abroad.Nearly half (46%) of Florida travelers will take 2-3 vacations through 2017, with the highest percentage of trips (36%) planned during the period of April-June. Click here to view more state-specific travel information.“With much of the country in the midst of a harsh winter, warm-weather destinations in the United States and Caribbean are topping most Americans’ travel itineraries,” said Joseph J. Richardson, President and CEO, AAA – The Auto Club Group. “Whether they’re taking a road trip to a well-known domestic destination or visiting an exotic international location, today’s travelers are seeking experiences that are unique and immersive.”Rome will be a top international destination for US travelers.According to AAA, destinations with the most notable increases in travel bookings include Melbourne and Sydney, Australia; Toronto and Vancouver, Canada; and Cancun, Mexico.AAA’s travel experts have identified these top trends for 2017:Experiential Travel: Both novice and expert travelers alike are seeking travel experiences that help to facilitate a deeper connection to the cultures, people and traditions of a destination. For example, AAA has noted an increase in travelers booking tours that include opportunities to dine with local families or receive hands-on tutorials from local craftspeople. Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here
LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 The Anatomy of Fear By Kristin Brethel-Haurwitz, Postdoctoral Researcher in Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of PennsylvaniaEditor’s Note: This article was first published in theconversation.comWould you risk your life for a total stranger?While you might consider yourself incapable of acts of altruism on that scale, it happens again and again. During hurricanes and mass shootings, some people go to great lengths to help people they don’t even know while everyone else flees.To learn whether this behavior comes more naturally to some of us than others, I partnered with Abigail Marsh and other neuroscientists working at the Laboratory on Social and Affective Neuroscience at Georgetown University. We studied the brains and behavior of some extraordinary altruists: people who have donated one of their own kidneys to a total stranger, known as nondirected donors.Vox journalist Dylan Matthews explains in this video why he donated his left kidney to save a stranger’s life.Unusually altruisticThese kidney donors may never learn anything about the recipient. That means they are not making this personal sacrifice because a relative or someone they may interact with in the future would benefit.What’s more, this act of altruism is costly in multiple ways. It is a major, painful surgery. Many donors end up paying thousands of dollars out of pocket for medical and travel expenses, and they can lose out on salary and other earnings.For the most part, there’s nothing to be gained in terms of the donor’s reputation. Many people, including some medical professionals, are skeptical about the motives of altruistic donors – even questioning their sanity.These drawbacks help explain why altruistic kidney donation is extremely rare. Fewer than 2,000 people have done this to date in the United States since 1988, the first year with a recorded altruistic donor. That makes it something a mere one out of every 163,133 Americans have ever done.And the norm is for living friends and family to donate kidneys to their loved ones. That was the case when celebrity Selena Gomez, who has lupus, got a new kidney from her best friend, the actress Francia Raisa.Most commonly, the kidneys of deceased organ donors are used in transplants for strangers. There are about twice as many transplants from deceased donors as transplants from living ones.Deceased donors and living friends and family account for a total of 99.5 percent of all kidney transplants performed over the past three decades.Mammalian BrainsDeep in the brains of all mammals – whether squirrel, bonobo or human – the same regions respond to distress and vulnerability. This response is especially common when babies cry out or appear threatened. In our most recent study, we investigated whether those brain systems, which are responsible for making all mammals care about helpless youngsters, play a key role in making some people extremely altruistic.There are two major regions in what brain scientists call the “offspring care neural network,” evolutionarily old structures deep in the brain called the amygdala and the periaqueductal gray.The amygdala is a small almond-shaped structure in both hemispheres tucked below the cortex. (Amygdala means almond in Greek.) One of its main roles in the brain is picking up on important emotional cues.Research has long established that the amygdala is largely responsible for recognizing and feeling fear.The periaqueductal gray is another small u-shaped structure at the base of the brain. It plays an important role in controlling basic behaviors like the impulse to cuddle a baby or the instinct to avoid predators.Many studies have shown these structures and the connections between them are responsible for, say, motivating female rats to take care of their pups or making humans want to console crying babies.Responding to distressed offspring is such a strong survival instinct that it can even cross species. A deer, for example, will respond when it hears a crying human infant.Other research by Marsh’s lab has studied how people respond when they sense that others are afraid and feel an urge to comfort them.The sight of frightened faces can evoke helping behavior. And people who are good at noticing that someone is afraid just by seeing their face tend to be more altruistic than the rest of us.Scientists have long hypothesized that the care people extend to strangers may be a sort of extension of our most basic impulses to take care of our own kids. Scientists also believe that the ancient brain structures humans share with other mammals trigger these responses.A testTo learn more about the brains of extremely altruistic people, we did an experiment with people who had donated one of their kidneys to someone they didn’t know. In our study, we asked these extreme altruists to read scenarios, some of which described people who were the target of harmful or callous behavior, and rate how much sympathy they felt. We did the same thing with a control group of people who had not donated a kidney.Before reading some of these scenarios, we presented photos of fearful faces. These images were fleeting, lasting only 27 milliseconds. That means the participants couldn’t consciously recognize what they saw. Meanwhile, we scanned their brains.Brain scan made by the researchers showing how the amygdalas of altruistic kidney donors respond more strongly than average. Kristin Brethel-Haurwitz, CC BY-SAWe found some interesting effects while reviewing images captured during this experiment. Most notably, the amygdalas and their periaqueductal gray were more active for kidney donors than people in our control group, with stronger reactions to fearful and distressed stimuli.What we found suggests that these two regions might be communicating or otherwise working together. We further tested this finding by looking at another aspect of our brain scans that allowed us to analyze how these two regions are connected by nerve cells.My colleague Katherine O’Connell, a doctoral student, found that there seemed to be greater structural connections between these two regions too. These connections may help nerve impulses travel between them.Altruists have stronger-than-average structural connections between the amygdala and periaqueductal gray, the parts of the brain shown here. Katherine O’Connell, CC BY-SAUnderstanding altruismTo be sure, more studies will have to be done to confirm our results before we can be sure how the offspring care neural network contributes to human altruism.But our findings reinforce earlier neuroscience research that found that the amygdala and periaqueductal gray, and communication between them, play an important role in caring for distressed and vulnerable others across all mammals – including humans.These findings also build on our own prior research with altruistic kidney donors. In those earlier studies, we detected stronger amygdala responses when the donors glimpsed the faces of people who were feeling fear and that while altruistic kidney donors value friends and family as others do, they tend to be more generous toward strangers.Our study of the brains of real-world altruists backs up these theories. Caring about someone you have never met, what we learned suggests, may have a lot in common with caring about the people you love. Please enter your name here Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate TAGSthe conversation.com Previous articleApopka police officers complete nationally recognized supervisory trainingNext article663 vote-by-mail ballots received for Apopka elections Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Please enter your comment!
“COPY” Japan ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/624624/ma-of-wind-ryuichi-ashizawa-architect-and-associates Clipboard Houses MA of Wind / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/624624/ma-of-wind-ryuichi-ashizawa-architect-and-associates Clipboard Projects Year: ArchDaily Save this picture!© Kaori Ichikawa+ 20 Share 2011 photographs: Kaori IchikawaPhotographs: Kaori IchikawaStructure:RCStructure Engineer:TAPS structural engineering officeConstruction:Daichi construction officeSite Area:210.96㎡Total Floor Area:109.13㎡City:NahaCountry:JapanMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Kaori IchikawaRecommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System – LINEADoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Curved Hinged Door | AlbaDoorsSaliceSliding Door System – Slider S20WindowsSolarluxSliding Window – CeroText description provided by the architects. Okinawa is a beautiful Japanese southern island where it’s possible to appreciate many beautiful natural scenes. The strong solar radiation and typhoons are the only phenomena that makes it unpleasant. Through the ages, people have found ways of living together with nature and generate environments which makes their life richer. This project is a house for a young couple and a little girl in Shuri Nahacity, Okinawa.Save this picture!© Kaori IchikawaWe proposed a better dwelling using natural energy without mechanical equipment. The large eaves makes deep shadows that protect life against excessive insolation in Okinawa. The green screen which is covered with plants is set on the ground from the roof. In summer, this green screen will create shade and protection from the sun light. In winter, sunlight enters inside the room through the leaves. And this green screen guards the privacy of the inhabitants. The first floor is raised about 3 feet from the ground for natural ventilation. A natural wind passes through the space beneath the floor between the first and the ground level.Save this picture!SectionWind comes through and inside the room by vent which are set on first and second floor slab. A hot wind in summer is chilled by the heat of evaporation on the pond, this pond is located under first floor.Save this picture!© Kaori IchikawaIn the past in Okinawa, an aqueduct and is water was used frequently by the people in their daily life. This house large roof works as the same mechanism gathering rain water that is lead to the pond or basin on the second floor. Catchment of water is used effectively for plants.Save this picture!© Kaori IchikawaWith this project, we proposed a better dwelling and environment that adjusts to the unique and severe climate of Okinawa.Save this picture!© Kaori IchikawaProject gallerySee allShow lessSwarovski Kristallwelten / SnøhettaSelected ProjectsWalumba Elders Centre / Iredale Pedersen Hook ArchitectsSelected Projects Share Photographs Architects: Ryuichi Ashizawa Architects & associates Area Area of this architecture project Year: MA of Wind / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & AssociatesSave this projectSaveMA of Wind / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates CopyHouses•Naha, Japan “COPY” Area: 84 m² Area: 84 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project 2011 CopyAbout this officeRyuichi Ashizawa Architects & associatesOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesNahaHousesWoodJapanPublished on April 30, 2015Cite: “MA of Wind / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates” 29 Apr 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Mexico Projects “COPY” Photographs “COPY” ArchDaily Save this picture!© Leo Espinosa+ 26Curated by Danae Santibañez Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/892738/fdz-esquivel-studio-fdz-esquivel-arquitectura Clipboard Manufacturers: American Standard, BTicino, Helvex, Isamu Noguchi, Llano de la Torre, Magg, VALVOArchitect In Charge:Jorge Antonio Fernández EsquivelInterior Design:Ynnel Cuevas Montañes, Andrea Farias BurgunderConstruction:G. Barona | Obra finaCollaborators:Cristina Moreno De La Cruz, Omar Meza Ceballos, Isabel Coronado Rodríguez, Jorge E. Tejero Sauma, Mariana Herrera Estrada, Verónica Peraza Bentacourt.City:MéridaCountry:MexicoMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Leo EspinosaRecommended ProductsDoorsJansenDoors – Folding and SlidingDoorsGorter HatchesRoof Hatch – RHT AluminiumDoorsStudcoAccess Panels – AccessDorDoorsC.R. LaurenceCRL-U.S. Aluminum Entice Series Entrance SystemText description provided by the architects. The idea of this project is born of creating a barrier of environmental protection because the front is faced the west one. Like result, the design of a few stelas is proposed with stone Tok’, that is a material representative of our entity, inspired in the Mayan culture; these shape a free front that they allow the main volume of the project to enjoy an opening with the handling of big glazed areas, working like a thermal insulator giving privacy and turning into an imposing element that defines the character of the building.Save this picture!© Leo EspinosaThe main volume of the project is shaped by the work places. Inside a natural and warm scene is formed in different planes, together with the vegetation and a double stair of concrete apparent and wood, protected by the big stone front like backdrop.Save this picture!Ground Floor PlanSave this picture!Upper Floor PlanThe luminosity sensations during the day, the freshness for the crossing of the air together with the natural elements inside, offer an environmental comfort where the users realize its daily activities.Save this picture!© Leo EspinosaThanks to the handling of the vegetation and stone of the region that appear as protagonists in every space, a harmonic contrast is achieved between the present steel in the structure, the wood used in the furniture, the transparence of the crystal and the big stelas of stone.Save this picture!© Leo EspinosaSave this picture!Section A1Save this picture!© Leo EspinosaProject gallerySee allShow lessBOUN – Furniture Design Awards’ 18Opportunities7 Installations to Watch Out For at the 2018 Milan Design WeekArchitecture News Share CopyAbout this officeFDZ Esquivel / ArquitecturaOfficeFollowProductsGlassSteelStone#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesInterior DesignResidential InteriorsHouse InteriorsMeridaMexicoPublished on April 18, 2018Cite: “FDZ Esquivel Studio / FDZ Esquivel / Arquitectura” [Oficina FDZ Esquivel / FDZ Esquivel / Arquitectura] 18 Apr 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
18 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis The Business of Event Planning: Behind-the-scenes Secrets of Successful Special Events Howard Lake | 13 March 2009 | News Tagged with: Events About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
“Work more, earn less!” Give your boss more flexibility so you can be “laid off more easily!” were some of the key criticisms of the new labor law that French workers explained to TV reporters were why they were protesting on March 31 in Paris and 250 other French cities and towns. The General Confederation of Workers estimated that 1 million workers, from both the private and the public sectors, also took part in the protests, along with 200,000 university and high school students and youths.“No more steady jobs” and “No reward for all the studying we’ve done!” were the negative comments on the new law from the students who marched with the workers.The unions representing most of the students participating in the protest issued a statement the day before explaining why they acted: “For the youth, this proposed labor law is a signal to increase inequality and poverty with no job security.”Public transportation in the Paris metropolitan area, as well as a number of other urban areas, was severely disrupted. The seven unions that issued a call for the general strike estimated thousands of work stoppages occurred. (Le Figaro, April 2)Le Point, the French weekly political and news magazine, published a public opinion poll April 3 that estimated 56 percent of the public supported these demonstrations.High school students came out in part to support their teachers, who were on strike, and because cops brutalized a high school student in Paris during a smaller protest the week before. A video showing this brutality got over 2 million views on YouTube. The cop was arrested, and will go on trial in May on charges of unnecessary violence.In Rennes, the cops beat a 60-year-old militant worker who wanted to occupy Parliament Square. His union is firmly defending him from the serious charges he faces, bringing this attack to the attention of the national media. (Libération, April 3)Especially in Paris and Rennes, there were confrontations between cops and youthful protesters.After the March 31 protest, a few hundred people gathered in Place de la République to show they wanted to continue the struggle even after the march was finished. They discussed what had happened, what should be done next and other issues roiling French politics, like terrorism, housing and employment. The cops evacuated them around 5 a.m., but, as organizers, they reacted by putting out a call on social media for a gathering the evening of April 1.A few thousand people showed up, according to some videos posted on Twitter using the tag #NuitsDebouts. The gatherings spread throughout France. As of April 3, there were 18 such gatherings, according to a map on the Twitter page.These Nuits Debouts, or Up All Night, like Occupy sites in the U.S. in 2011, have set up canteens, plus tables and tents to protect the books and leaflets being distributed. Participants are consciously trying to build a mass movement.Another signal that a mass movement is building is that the left-of-center newspaper Libération is putting out a children’s book for ages 8 to 12 on the issues involved in the struggle against the revision of the labor law.The unions intend to keep on protesting until the bill for a new labor law is withdrawn. The Socialist Party, which manages the government of capitalist France, is split by the attempt to impose the new law, with many rank-and-file members opposing it. Prime Minister François Hollande has insisted he will impose the anti-worker law. Whether he can will depend on the level of mass resistance.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Previous articleClosing CommentsNext articleAg Groups Respond to White House Budget Cuts Hoosier Ag Today While there is a good deal of hand wringing in the ag media about the proposed cuts at USDA in the budget proposal released on Tuesday, the budget ax falls the hardest on the EPA. The proposed budget from the White House hits the EPA with a 31 percent budget cut, down to $5.65 billion. The plan eliminates several regional programs, including those that restore the Great Lakes, Chesapeake Bay, and Puget Sound. It slashes funding for the Superfund Cleanup Program. Despite the cut to the Superfund, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt lists the program as one of his biggest priorities. Pruitt said the president’s budget respects the American taxpayer. “This budget supports EPA’s highest priorities with federal funding for priority work in infrastructure, air and water quality,” Pruitt says, “and it ensures the safety of chemicals in the marketplace.” The proposal does maintain funding for high priority infrastructure investments like grants and low-cost funding for projects that improve drinking water quality and wastewater treatment.Source: NAFB News Service Facebook Twitter Facebook Twitter SHARE By Hoosier Ag Today – May 23, 2017 SHARE EPA Is The Top Target for Budget Cuts Home Indiana Agriculture News EPA Is The Top Target for Budget Cuts
RSF at the Belarusian border: “The terrorist is the one who jails journalists and intimidates the public” News News March 23, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Pressbol editor’s personal possessions seized RSF_en May 28, 2021 Find out more News BelarusEurope – Central Asia Follow the news on Belarus Receive email alerts to go further May 27, 2021 Find out more Russian media boss drops the pretence and defends Belarus crackdown BelarusEurope – Central Asia June 2, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information A court officer on 11 March ordered the seizure of Pressbol editor Vladimir Berechkov’s assets to cover thefine imposed on 10 February by the Minsk municipal court for “moral harm” allegedly caused to Belarusianfinance minister Nikolai Korbut. The assets seized included a wardrobe, a vacuum cleaner, an electric kettleand a washing machine. Berechkov’s wife filed a request with the court on 14 March for her own personaleffects to be excluded from the assets confiscated.———————————————————18 February 2005 Authorities accused of hypocrisy in moves to ruin and close newspaperReporters Without Borders today condemned the use of “spurious pretexts” by the Belarusian authorities with the aim of closing down one of the few independent newspapers that still exist in the country, Pressbol, a national daily with a circulation of 25,000.The supreme court on 16 February upheld a second information ministry warning to the newspaper that would allow the authorities to order its closure within three months. Six days earlier, on 10 February, the Minsk municipal court confirmed that Pressbol must pay 16,000 euros in libel damages to finance minister Nikolai Korbut.So Pressbol is already ruined by the damages award even if the authorities have not already closed it, the press freedom group said.”The use of spurious pretexts allows the authorities to progressively reduce the space for expressing views that do not conform with the thinking of President Alexander Lukashenko,” Reporters Without Borders said. “It would better if Lukashenko respected press freedom in Belarus instead of accusing the international press, both western and Russian, of waging a campaign against him.”It was the Minsk “central” court which on 4 January ordered Pressbol to pay Korbut 16,000 euros in damages as a result of the libel action he brought over an October 2004 article headlined “Belarusian finance minister’s deputy wanted by Interpol and implicated in organizing a criminal gang,” which said he had links with shady Russian businessman Andrei Imanali.Pressbol received the information ministry’s second warning on 5 January. It accused the newspaper of failing to obtain a necessary prior permission from the judge before publishing a statement by Korbut in its 21 December issue in which he explained his reasons for suing Pressbol. News “We welcome opening of criminal investigation in Lithuania in response to our complaint against Lukashenko” RSF says Organisation